Specificity of Predictors for “Psychosis” and “Neurosis”: A Comparison in a 50-Year Follow-Up of the Unselected Lundby Community Population

Mats Bogren and Cecilia Mattisson Affiliation : Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Psychiatry, the Lundby Study, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden ABSTRACT Premorbid anomalies related to personality and behavior may confer an increased risk of developing psychosis. Prospective studies have found that social anxiety, social adjustment problems, deviance in emotional reactivity, high neuroticism, low […]

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Treating Anxiety Disorders with Anticonvulsant Drugs: Is There Any Evidence?

Marco Mula Anxiety disorders are chronic conditions with a relapsing/remitting time course with evidence coming from cross-sectional, retrospective and, in part, prospective studies. Moreover, it has to be acknowledged that the natural history of anxiety disorders is frequently complicated by Axis I and Axis II comorbidities. In fact, it has been estimated that 73% of […]

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Correlation of High Maternal Perceived Stress During Pregnancy and Offspring Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Japan

Kouichi Yoshimasu, Chikako Kiyohara and the Wakayama ADHD Study Group Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized as inattentiveness and/or impulsiveness and hyperactivity unsuitable for a developmental stage or age. Although the mechanism leading to the onset of the disease is still unclear, it is a condition that seriously hinders a child’s social or learning ability. Abstract […]

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Life Satisfaction in Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder: Impact of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy

Aba Delsignore, Steffi Weidt, Juliane Emmerich and Michael Rufer Introduction Social anxiety disorder (SAD) affects 7–14% of the population at some point of life1–3 with an early onset often in the teens.4 Many studies have shown substantial impairment in different areas of life satisfaction in individuals with anxiety disorders (panic,5 post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder,6 […]

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Ethical Challenges in Forensic Psychiatry

Norbert Konrad Introduction Forensic psychiatrists deal with some of the most difficult patients in psychiatry. They are concerned with the assessment of complex cases including risk assessment and with the treatment of mentally disordered offenders, typically in secure settings such as secure hospitals or prisons. Furthermore, forensic psychiatrists act as expert witness in court commenting, […]

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A Review of the Association Between Alcohol Misuse and Bullying Victimization in Adolescence

Lauren Topper Patricia J. Conrod Introduction Adolescent school-based bullying is a widespread problem throughout Europe and North America, affecting on average 11% of students at least weekly1,2 while a higher proportion of students are thought to suffer from victimization at least occasionally.3,4 No consensus has been reached regarding a specific definition for bullying, however, many […]

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Spectrum of Depressive Disorders and Cardiovascular Diseases: Clinical and Psychobiological Evidences of a Bidirectional Relationship

Laura Palagini, Rosa Maria Bruno, Mario Guazzelli, Stefano Taddei, Angelo Ge Introduction Depression and cardiovascular disease are very common, and often, they coexist, being the prevalence of depression in various cardiac disorders ranges from 15% to 20%.1 Major depression is considered a primary risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases, including coronary artery disease […]

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Yogic Breathing Techniques in the Management of Anxiety and Depression: Systematic Review of Evidence of Efficacy and Presumed Mechanism of Action

Nupur Tiwari, David S Baldwin Introduction Mood and anxiety disorders are the cause of much individual personal distress and also a major public health problem. A recent review of the epidemiological studies of mental disorder within the European Union demonstrated that when grouped together anxiety disorders and the principal mood disorders had an estimated 12-month […]

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Full and Partial Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adolescents: Gender Differences, Differential Symptom Patterns, and Clinical Correlates

Soraya Seedat, Wendy Rossouw, Tessa Middleton, Sharain Suliman and Dan J Stein Introduction Although there is a rich body of literature on trauma-related precipitating events (eg, school shootings, bombings, physical assault, or war) for PTSD and other psychopathology, in community-based studies the literature on trauma-exposed adolescents with and without PTSD in clinical contexts is somewhat […]

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